也谈It is + adj. + of sb. to do sth.句式

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He is imaginative enough to come up with new ideas. (他富有充分的想象力来产生一些新的观点。)这是一个正确的英语句子,imaginative修饰人作表语,说明人的一种特质:富有想象力。由enough引出动词不定式,做结果状语。

如果改为It is imaginative of him to come up with new ideas.可以吗?

It is + adj. + of sb. to do sth. 什么样的形容词用于该句式,归根结底,是由这个形容词的性质决定的。这类词必须是指“人的品质”的形容词,说明人的“性质、身份、特征等”,如:善良(good, kind),丑恶(bad, cruel),礼貌(polite, friendly),无礼(impolite, rude),聪明(clever, bright),愚蠢(stupid, silly),自私(selfish),勇敢(brave),可爱(lovely),俏皮(naughty),等等,不一而足,这个是肯定无疑的。这也充分说明important, necessary, impossible, difficult等词为何不可用于此句式。(限用于:It is +adj. (for sb.) do sth.)

但是,以后缀-tive结尾的形容词,如:imaginative, creative, active, impressive, decisive, inventive等,表示“富有......性质/特质的”,这类词既可以修饰人,也可以修饰物,既可以作定语,也可以作表语。但没有“人的品质”概念,只是说明“人或物具有这个特质”。所以不用于It is + adj. + of sb. to do sth.句式。现举几例:

The plan is very imaginative in conception.这个计划在构思上很有想象力。

She was an imaginative writer.她是位富于想象力的作家。

They were imaginative, quick, and humorous.他们富有想像力,反应快且富於幽默感。

She's very creative; she writes and paints.她很有创作能力,既从事写作又从事绘画。

The writing of poems, stories or plays is often called creative writing.诗歌、小说和剧本的写作常常被称作创作。

China has been playing an active role in the world economy.中国一直在世界经济中发挥积极作用。

He is an active member of the school's stamp club.他是学校集邮俱乐部的一名活跃会员。

His collection of paintings is the most impressive.他的绘画收藏令人叹为观止。

A cathedral is an impressive building.大教堂是能给人留下深刻印象的建筑物。

My father is a very impressive public speaker.我的父亲是一位了不起的公众演说家。

Be decisive, tell them exactly what you think should be done.果断些,确切地告诉他们你认为应该怎么做。

The report brought about a decisive change in the whole policy.这个报告使整个方针发生了决定性的变化。

He was a restless and inventive man who was always trying new things.他是个精力充沛,富有创造性的人,经常要尝试新东西。

Your idea seems inventive enough , but I doubt its practicality.你的主意很有创意, 但我对它的实用性有存疑。

由此推论,有后缀-tive结尾的形容词,表示“富有……性质的”修饰人时,不仅imaginative不能用于It is + adj. + of sb. to do sth.句式,而且其他形容词同样不适用于It is + adj. + of sb. to do sth.句式。

 

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