江西玉山一中2020届高三英语上学期期中试题(附答案)

时间:2020-04-08 编辑:佚名 手机版

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玉山一中2018—2019学年度第一学期高三期中考试
英语试卷
命题人:汪利仙 审题人:邵洁琼 满分150分 考试时间:120分钟
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What does the man prefer to do on Sundays?
A. Go shopping. B. Go swimming. C. Do some reading.
2. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In a hotel.B. In a hospital.C. In a restaurant.
3. When will Professor Davidson talk with the woman?
A. After his class.B. The next day.C. Before office hours.
4. Where will the man sit in the restaurant?
A. Near the door. B. In the corner.C. Near the window.
5. Why will the woman go to the park today?
A. To play basketball. B. To play volleyball.C. To walk with her friends.
第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6-7题。
6. Why is Harry unwilling to join the woman?
A. He wants to watch TV.B. He has a pain in his knee.C. He is too lazy.
7. What will the woman probably do next?
A. Stay at home.B. Play with Helen.C. Take Harry to hospital.
听第7段材料,回答第8-9题。
8. Where did the man possibly lose his bag?
A. On the flight.B. At the airport.C. In the hotel.
9. What color is the basketball toy?
A. Black.B. Brown.C. Blue.
听第8段材料,回答第10-12题。
10. How long has the man been in the hospital?
A. For 2 years.B. For 6 years.C. For 7 years.
11. What will the man serve as in Nigeria?
A. An organizer.B. A nurse.C. A doctor.
12. What can we learn from the conversation?
A. The man got his new job this morning.
B. The woman is against the man's decision.
C. The man wants to marry Rosie.
听第9段材料,回答第13-16题。
13. What would Joe probably do during the Thanksgiving holiday?
A. Go to a play.B. Visit Kingston.C. See a car show.
14. What is Ariel going to do in Toronto?
A. Attend a party. B. Meet her aunt. C. Stay at home.
15. Why is Ariel in a hurry to leave?
A. To call up Betty.B. To pick up Daniel.C. To buy some DVDs.
16. What might be the relationship between the speakers?
A. Classmates.B. Fellow workers.C. Guide and tourist.
听第10段材料,回答第17-20题。
17. What must you do for the English course?
A. Take a test. B. Finish the previous level.
C. Study a specific culture.
18. Why is history open at all levels?
A. Students have different levels.
B. Different teachers teach courses.
C. Cultures and time periods vary.
19. What is included in the optional courses?
A. History.B. Science.C. English.
20. What will the speaker do for the students?
A. Help them arrange their courses.
B. Help them sign up for a course.
C. Help them find room in a course.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
You have a choice of three Supafone Mobile Digital access plans: Leisuretime, Executive and Highflier. They are designed to meet the needs of light, moderate and high-volume users. Calls in each plan are charged at only two rates: short-distance and long-distance.
LEISURETIME
Your mobile phone is mainly for personal use. You use your phone to keep family and friends in touch. You don’t want to strain your budget(预算紧张).
With this plan you enjoy the lowest monthly access fee and extremely competitive costs for calls. However, a monthly minimum call charge applies.
EXECUTIVE
You’re in business and need to be able to call your office and your clients whenever the need arises. You value the convenience of a mobile phone but need to keep a close eye on costs.
For frequent users: the monthly access fee is slightly higher, but you enjoy the savings of a discounted call rate.
HIGHFLIER
You are always on the move and communications are critical. You need to be able to call and be called wherever you are—world-wide.
As a high-volume user you pay an access fee of just $60 a month but even lower call rates.
LEISURETIMEEXECUTIVEHIGHFLIER
Monthly Access Fee$35$46$60
FEAK 30 sec.unitOFF PEAK Save 50%PEAK 30sec.unitOFF PEAK Save 50%PEAK 30sec.unitOFF PEAK Save 50%
Short-distance21.0cents10.8cents16.8cents8.4cents15.1cents7.6cents
Long-distance31.6cents 16.8cents25.2cents12.8cents21.0cents11.4cents
Best if you spend this amount a month on callsup to $95$95-$180more than $180
Peak times:7a.m.to 7p.m.Monday-Saturday.
Off peak:all other times,including all day Sunday.Billing increments(计费增量)are in 30-second units. Call charges are rounded to the nearest cents.
21.You will have to pay a minimum amount for call each month for____.
A. the Executive plan
B. the Leisuretime plan
C.the Highflier plan
D.all of the three plans
22.The Executive plan is primarily intended for people who need a mobile phone for_____.
A.global communication
B.keeping in contact with their family
C.their work
D.personal use
23. You will pay _____for a 50-second short-distance call at 8 p. m., Friday, on Highflier plan.
A.15 cents
B.15.2 cents
C.30.2 cents
D.30 cents
B
When I moved to Senegal in 2007 to work for a charity organization, the first thing I did was to hit Dakar, the capital. Not far from the city center, it also has one of Africa’s biggest slums(贫民区)and its share of beggars. Street kids would tail me, begging. During a previous trip to Senegal, I was once cheated by a man. I'd wondered for years whether to give money to beggars in West Africa.
Near my apartment, I passed a group of young men in wheelchairs .Head down ,I walked by them quickly. As the months went by, I'd often come across them. I’d often see them at an outdoor basketball court near my office. They’d sit on the ground with their chairs upside down, tightening and adjusting wheels, waiting until the other guys left so they could play.
I'd stay and watch them warm up. They played with speed, rolling down the court as fast as I could run. A few weeks later I introduced myself to them with the help of Mafall, who was one of the guys .I started spending more time with them and eventually became something like an assistant coach.
The players quickly grew on me. I started referring to them as “my guys” to my colleagues. It was the most fun I'd had since I got to Dakar .Life on the street had made my players strong and they didn’t back down easily. I was proud of them.
Toward the end of the season, Mafall invited me to where he lived—finding many of the players there, I learned that most of them were born with disabilities. When chatting I knew something had changed. They were no longer beggars. They were basketball players, my guys, and my friends.
24.It can be inferred from the text that the disabled young men_________.
A. played basketball as well as normal guys.
B.often helped the local charity.
C.were not friendly toward foreigners
D. used to beg in the streets
25.Why did the writer walk by the young men with head down?
A.To be afraid of being recognized by them.
B.To prevent himself from being stolen.
C. To be careful enough to find his way home.
D. To be afraid of being cheated by them.
26.Why did the author call the disabled young men“my guys”?
A. They were loved by the author.
B. They often played tricks on the author.
C.They used to cheat others when begging.
D.They always quarreled while training.
27.What is the whole text mainly about?
A.The author refused to be cheated by beggars in Dakar.
B.The author helped the locals in Senegal out of poverty.
C. The author helped to change some disabled young men in Dakar.
D. The author coached the young men in Senegal to play basketbal1.
C
Imagine you’re standing in line to buy an after-school snack at a store. You step up to the counter and the cashier scans your food. Next, you have to pay. But instead of scanning a QR code (二维码) with your smartphone, you just hold out your hand so the cashier can scan your fingerprint. Or, a camera scans your face, your eyes or even your ear.
Now, this type of technology might not be far away. As technology companies move away from the traditional password, biometric security (生物识别技术), which includes fingerprint, face and voice ID, is becoming increasingly popular.
In 2013, Apple introduced the iPhone 5s, one of the first smartphones with a fingerprint scanner. Since then, using one’s fingerprint to unlock a phone and make mobile payments has become commonplace, bringing convenience to our lives. And since last year, Samsung has featured eye-scanning technology in its top smartphones, while Apple’s new iPhone X can even scan a user’s face.
Biometrics are good; in practice, not so much. when introducing the new iPhone’s Face ID feature ,Phil Schiller, Apple’s senior vice president, said, “The chance that a random person in the population could look at your iPhone X and unlock it with their face is about one in a million.” And in a video posted on community website Reddit on Nov 3, two brothers showed how they were each able to unlock the same iPhone X using their own face, Quartz reported. And they aren’t even twins.
Anil Jain, a computer science professor found a way to trick biometric security. Using a printed copy of a thumbprint, she could unlock a dead person’s smartphone for police, according to tech website Splinter. “It’s good to see biometrics being used more,” Jain told CBS News, “because it adds another factor for security. But using multiple security measures is the best defence.”
28.What is the latest technology to unlock a smartphone according to the article?
A.QR code scanning.
B.Face scanning.
C.Fingerprint scanning.
D. Eye scanning.
29.What’s a major problem of the iPhone X’s Face ID system?
A.It often fails to recognize its owner’s face.
B.Different faces could be used to unlock the same phone.
C.Face data could be used for other purposes.
D.It takes too long to unlock the phone.
30.What does Anil Jain think of biometric security?
A. It should be used with other security measures.
B.It has caused much trouble for police.
C.It’s more secure than traditional measures.
D. It still needs much improvement.
31.The author wrote this article mainly to ______.
A.describe the popularity of biometrics
B.show how biometrics has changed our lives
C. point out various problems with biometrics
D. discuss the security problems of biometrics
D
Researchers in China and the United States have developed a new cataract(白内障)treatment with cells that has restored vision in babies in a trial and may eventually be used in adults. The treatment was published in March 9 edition of the scientific journal Nature.
A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens(晶体)of an eye. Typical cataract operation involves the removal of the cloudy lens and the insertion of an artificial one. The new operation has been tested in animals and during a small, human trial. It resulted in fewer complications(并发症) and in regrown lenses with superior visual function in all 12 of the baby cataract patients who received the procedure.
A congenital cataract- lens clouding that occurs at birth or shortly after- is important cause of blindness in children. In the new research, Kand Zhang, head of ophthalmic genetics at US San Diego’s Shiley Eye Institute, relied on the regrown potential of endogenous(同源的)stem cells.
According to Zhang, endogenous stem cells are different from other stem cells that are typically grown in a laboratory. Zhang told CBS News, “We invented a new operation to make a very small opening at the side of a cataractous lens bag, remove the cataract inside, allow the opening to heal, and promote potential lens stem cells to regrow an entirely new lens with vision.”
The human trial involved 12 babies under the age of 2 who were treated with the new method, while 25 babies received the standard operation care. The latter group experienced a higher incidence of post- operation danger. The scientists reported fewer complications and faster healing among the 12 babies.
32. Which is the best title?
A. The concept of the cataract
B. Bad effects of post-operation in the cataract
C. A new cataract treatment with stem cells
D. The popularity of a new treatment
33. Which of the following best describe the new cataract treatment according to the passage?
A. Convenient B. Comfortable C. Cheap D. Safe
34. What can we learn about the new cataract treatment?
A. It has more risks
B. It has been put into practice widely
C. It may be used widely
D. It can only restore vision in babies
35. What does the underlined word “congenital” in the fourth paragraph mean?
A. Strange B. Born C. Serious D. Dangerous.
第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
A conversation with a good listener is like a good meal—we walk away feeling satisfied and happy.
36 Here are 4 ways to make your conversation partner feel like you’re fully listening to their personal radio station.
37__________
Making your conversation partner feel safe starts with two things: an open mind and keeping judgment to yourself. Just as immersing(沉浸)yourself in a novel requires pause of disbelief, immersing yourself in listening requires pause of opinions or advice. While judgments may appear into your head, set them to the side.
Ask questions to follow your natural curiosity.
When you’re interested, ask questions.38__________Ask for examples. Ask for details. Following your natural curiosity by asking questions not only shows you are listening and interested, but almost always produces an interesting story.
Listen with your whole body.
In many a kindergarten classroom, teachers emphasize something called “whole body listening”. It goes like this: use your eyes to watch nonverbal(非语言)expressions, your brain to think about what is being said, your heart to feel emotions and keep the rest of your body quiet to show respect. But many of us lose it over time, especially as life gets busy. The result? We often try to multitask while listening.39__________
Validate(使生效)with simple phrases.
Keep in your back pocket some validating words and phrases to show you’ve heard someone.
“Of course.” “That makes sense.” “Naturally.” “Clearly.” “For sure.”40_____In conversation, combining those little phrases: “Of course you feel that way.” or “That makes total sense.” doesn’t necessarily convey agreement, but it does convey something even bigger: acceptance.
A. Create safety.
B. We half-listen while getting things done or staring at a screen.
C. It’s appealing to talk about your own experience.
D. Devote yourself to listening.
E. Think like a journalist and ask what, when, where, why or how.
F. All of these statements confirm a person’s experience or feelings as worthy and accepted.
G. But being a good listener goes way beyond just not interrupting or nodding your head.
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20题,每小题 1.5分,共30分)
Dr. Thomp was one of the well-received professors in college. He was 41 because of a trick he employed at the beginning of his first class. “I will put a 42 into each of my lectures. Your job is to try and 43 me in the Lie of the Day.”
That was a 44 way to focus our attention at the dry and 45 subject---Capital Markets. On those days we actively 46 Dr. Thomp’s statements. Every once in a while, a lecture would end with 47 seeing through the lie. Dr. Thomp would say, “Ah ha! Each of you has a lie in your notes. 48 among yourselves what it might be, and I will tell you next Monday.”
What made Dr. Thomp’s teaching 49 smart was that there was no lie during the most technically 50 lecture. He offered the same challenge to 51 our lecture notes. On the following Monday, he would hear our 52 for almost ten minutes before he finally said, “Do you 53 the first lecture---how I said that every lecture has a lie?”
Tired from having our best theories deserted, we 54 .“Well, that was a lie. My previous lecture was completely true and 55 . But I am glad you reviewed your notes 56 this weekend. Moving on …”
While my knowledge of the Capital Markets has 57 over time, the lessons have stayed with me. “Experts” can be 58 and say things that sound right---so build a habit of 59 new information and check it against things you already accept as 60.
41.A.funnyB. upsetC.careful D. memorable
42.A.game B. lieC.joke D. puzzle
43.A. hear B.tell C. catch D.stop
44.A. brilliant B.common C. simple D.terrible
45.A.boring B.interesting C.meaningful D.exciting
46.A.asked B. challenged C. read D.guessed
47.A.anyone B.someone C. nobody D. everybody
48.A.Agree B.Discuss C.Find D.Perform
49.A. subject B.step C.problem D. technique
50.A.prettyB.entertaining C.difficult D.successful
51.A. work through B.set down C.take over D. carry out
52.A.suggestions B. hopes C.plans D. theories
53.A.like B.know C.remember D.preview
54.A.nodded B.waited C.paused D.sighed
55.A.easy B.decisive C.obvious D.reliable
56.A.happily B.carefully C.early D.secretly
57.A.come B.changed C.faded D.developed
58.A.wise B.powerful C.wrong D.confident
59.A.evaluating B.gaining C.forgetting D.seeking
60.A. fact B.evidence C.knowledge D. advice
第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Since HIV, the virus responsible for AIDS, was first identified, doctors 61 (take)the idea of a cure as more fantasy than fact. That’s 62 HIV is a virus unlike any other.
"Absolutely HIV can be cured,”says Rowena John. Doctors today have no trouble keeping HIV 63 control in people who are infected, thanks to antiretroviral (ARV) drugs, which stop the virus from reproducing once it finds 64 (it)way inside healthy cells.
Powerful as the current drug 65 (treat) are, they need to be taken daily to keep the virus 66 (prevent) and they can’t actually rid the body of infected cells.
"The drugs are 67 (remarkable) good at stopping the virus from reproducing,”says Dr. Robert Siliciano, professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 68 first identified these sleeping virus reservoirs.
"The problem is that there is also 69 ¬¬ form of HIV that is not reproducing and that is not affected by the drugs and not seen by the immune system." These are the viruses that come 70 (howl) back when people stop taking their drugs, or take them irregularly.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
Never put off till tomorrow what may be done today. For we senior high school students in Grade Three, time is particularly precious. How can we the master of our time? My suggestions are as follow.
Firstly, it’s vital that we should make a practical and flexible study plan, included daily tasks as well as short-term and long-term objectives. Then stick to our plan and make up adjustments when necessary. Besides, be absorbed in which we learn. What's more, keep a balance between study or relaxation.
All after all, in order to get good grades in the upcoming exam and enjoyed our last year in high school, we must make an effort to manage our time efficient.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,你校要开展评选 “The Most Qualified Student”(最美学生)的活动,请你用英语写一封推荐信,推荐你班的林扬同学。内容包括:
1. 简单介绍被推荐人(林扬);
2. 说明推荐理由(学习、品德、特长等)。
注意:
1. 词数100左右;
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3. 开头语给出,不计入总词数。
Dear Editor,
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Yours sincerely,

Li Hua


高三英语期中考试答案

1-5 CABCB 6-10 ABBBB 11-15 CACAB 16-20 BACBA
21-23 BCA 24-27 DDAC 28-31 BBAD 32-35 CDCB
36-40 GAEBF
41-45 DBCAA 46-50 BCBDC 51-55 ADCAD 56-60 BCCAA
61 .have taken 62 because 63 under 64 its 65 treatments 66 prevented
67 remarkably 68 who 69 a 70 howling
71 us 72 加be 73 follow---follows 74included—including 75 up 去掉 76 which---what 77 or 改成and 78 after 改成 in 79 enjoyed---enjoy
80 efficient 改成efficiently
Dear Editor,
I came across the news that your website is selecting “The Most Qualified Student”. It’s my pleasure to recommend Lin Yang to you.
Lin yang is one of my best friends. As a student, he puts study first and is always trying his best to make progress, so he is among the top students in our school. At the same time, he never forgets to help others either in study or in their life, because of which, he has a lot of friends and is highly spoken of by the teachers and students. What’s more, Lin Yang is talented in traditional Chinese painting.
All in all, I think he deserves the title. I’m proud of him.

ours sincerely,
Li Hua

 

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